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The Chile – Mexico free trade agreement will be reviewed in early 2024

by | Nov 11, 2023

Gabriel Boric, president of Chile,  recently announced that the Chile – Mexico Free Trade Agreement (CMFTA) will be reviewed in March of 2024, 25 years after it was signed.

Chile and Mexico seek to deepen economic collaboration

In a message to the media on the occasion of the official visit of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador to Chile within the framework of the 50 years of the coup d’état in that country, and after a private meeting at the La Moneda Palace, the Chilean president expressed that the coming update of the trade agreement will strengthen economic collaboration between the two nations.

“Next year, in March, when we celebrate 25 years of the Chile – Mexico free trade agreement, we will once again reinforce and update, precisely, the instances of collaboration that we have put in place for two countries, ” expressed the Chilean head of state.

Gabriel Boric pointed out that Chile and Mexico are united by their history and that although they are geographically distant countries, they have a special closeness, “a rich past together and a challenging present and future that is built in democracy, with justice and freedom.”

The particulars of the Chile – Mexico Free Trade Agreement

The Chile – Mexico Free Trade Agreement (CMFTA) represents a strategic alliance between two dynamic economies in the Latin American region. Signed in 1998, this landmark agreement has significantly transformed the trade landscape between Chile and Mexico, fostering economic growth, enhancing market access, and strengthening diplomatic ties. This essay delves into the critical provisions of the CMFTA, examining how it has propelled bilateral trade, encouraged investment, and laid the foundation for a resilient economic partnership.

Tariff Elimination and Market Access:

At the heart of the CMFTA lies the commitment to eliminate tariffs on a broad spectrum of goods and services. This provision has been instrumental in expanding market access for businesses in both nations. The gradual reduction and elimination of tariffs have facilitated the flow of goods across borders, creating a more competitive and conducive environment for trade. From agricultural products to manufactured goods, the CMFTA has effectively dismantled financial barriers, encouraging diverse industries to thrive.

Beyond tariff elimination, the agreement addresses non-tariff barriers, streamlining customs procedures and simplifying regulatory processes. This reduces transaction costs for businesses and ensures a smoother and more efficient trade flow. The result is a more seamless exchange of goods and services, benefiting businesses and consumers.

Investment Protection and Facilitation:

The CMFTA extends its impact beyond trade in goods, emphasizing investment protection and facilitation. Investors from both Chile and Mexico enjoy a secure and predictable environment, shielded from discriminatory practices and expropriation. This provision has been pivotal in encouraging cross-border investment, fostering economic growth, and diversifying both nations’ economies.

Moreover, the agreement establishes mechanisms for dispute resolution, ensuring a transparent framework for addressing any investment-related issues that may arise. This builds trust between investors and host countries and guarantees the stability necessary for long-term investment planning.

Services and Intellectual Property:

Recognizing the evolving nature of the global economy, the Chile – Mexico Free Trade Agreement goes beyond traditional trade agreements by incorporating services and intellectual property provisions by facilitating the cross-border provision of services, Chile and Mexico benefit from the exchange of expertise and innovation in sectors such as technology, finance, and education.

Additionally, the agreement provides robust protection for intellectual property rights, acknowledging the critical role of innovation in economic development. This ensures that the creative and intellectual works of individuals and businesses are safeguarded, encouraging investment in research and development and fostering a culture of innovation in both nations.

Sustainable Development and Social Responsibility:

The CMFTA takes a progressive stance by incorporating sustainable development and social responsibility provisions. Both nations commit to promoting environmentally friendly practices and fostering social inclusivity in their economic activities. This forward-thinking approach enhances the image of Chilean and Mexican products in the global market and positions both nations as responsible participants in the international trade community.

The CMFTA sets a precedent for trade agreements that prioritize sustainable development by aligning economic growth with environmental and social considerations. This benefits the present generation and lays the groundwork for a more resilient and responsible economic future.

The Chile – Mexico Free Trade Agreement created an economic partnership

The Chile-Mexico Free Trade Agreement is a testament to the transformative power of bilateral collaboration. This agreement has elevated the economic partnership between Chile and Mexico to new heights by eliminating trade barriers, protecting investments, and fostering innovation. As businesses and consumers continue to reap the rewards of this alliance, the CMFTA serves as an example of how nations can forge mutual prosperity through open dialogue, cooperation, and a commitment to shared economic growth. The Chile-Mexico Free Trade Agreement exemplifies successful economic diplomacy as both nations navigate an ever-changing global landscape. It offers valuable lessons for nations aspiring to deepen their economic ties to pursue shared prosperity.

Contact LATAM FDI to discuss your foreign direct investment plans in Latin America.

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